Assessment Map

Key Words and Meanings - Year 11 Music
  • AOS3 - Africa, African drummingCentral & South America. Calypso & Samba
    Rhythma strong, regular repeated pattern of movement or sound 
    StructureSong structure or the musical forms of songs, also known as Form. 
    MeterHow beats or pulse in music are divided up 
    Bass PanThe largest Steel Pan within a Steel Band ensemble playing the lowest pitch and playing the bass note, often the root of the chord often using dotted rhythms. 
    Cello PanThe second largest Steel Pan within a Steel Band ensemble playing the chords, melody or bass. The Cello Pan is also known as the Guitar Pan and often plays the third and fifth notes of a chord on offbeats. 
    CongaA pair of tall, narrow single-headed drums played with the hands on a stand which the musician has to stand to play used in Calypso and Samba. 
    CuicaA Brazilian friction drum used in Samba music with a large pitch range, produced by changing the tension on the head of the drum. The tone/timbre/sonority of the Cuica produces a high-pitched squeaky sound. 
    DjembeA skin-covered African hand drum shaped like a large goblet made out of single tree trunk hollowed out. The skin is made from goatskin and rope is used to tighten the skin to tune the drum to the appropriate pitch. 
    GuiroAn open-ended hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side. It is played by rubbing a stuck along the notches to produce a “ratchet” sound/timbre/sonority. 
    RepiniqueA small drum used in Samba bands and Samba music, similar to a snare drum but taller, that is usually played with one stick and the bare hand. It has a more metallic tone than the snare drum and can be used to play solo cues in call and response patterns. 
    Son ClaveA rhythm used in Samba music originating from Son music played by the Claves, but in Samba used as a rhythmic ostinato. There are two main variants of Son Clave, known as 2:3 and 3:2. 
    Steel PanSteel Pans are made by cutting oil drums into different sizes and then beating the tops into concave bowls. Each individual note is then beaten into a small area of the bowl. 
    SurdoA bass drum used to make the beat of Samba music. Surdos keep a steady beat and alternate between higher and lower pitches. A smaller Surdo often plays an important role within the ensemble. 
    SyncopationA way of changing a rhythm by making some notes a bit early, often so they cross over the main beat of the music on the “weaker beats”. 
  • AO3 - Indian Music, Bhrangra, Greek Music, Palestinian and Israeli Music
    ornamentationa way of decorating a melody 
    Agogo BellsA cowbell with two pitches, one high and one low, played with a wooden stick and hand-held. The bells can also produce a sound by squeezing them so that they strike each other.  
    ArticulationHow smoothly or “spikily” something is played e.g. Legato means played smoothly often shown by slurs, Staccato means played short and sharp often shown by dots above or below a note, Accents (>), Sforzandos (Sfz or Sf). 
    BouzoukiA stringed instrument that has three or four pairs of strings tuned either to the same note, or an octave apart to give the Bouzouki its distinctive timbre or sonority. It is most often used as a melody instrument and often plays distinctive slides. 
    CadenceA progression of (at least) two chords that concludes a phrase, section or piece of music. Cadences can be defined as Perfect, Plagal, Imperfect and Interrupted. Greek folk music has phrases which end with clear cadences. 
    ChaalThe rhythm on which Punjabi Bhangra is based consisting of a repeated eight note pattern in 4/4 metre. The Chaal rhythm is “swung” (as in Blues music) and has a triplet feel (dum-di, dum-di, dum-di, dum-di). 
    Cross-RhythmsThe effect produced when two “conflicting” rhythms are heard together. 
    DholA type of drum used in Bhangra music (smaller than the Dholak) and played with the hands, often slung from the shoulder. The Dholakplays more complex rhythms and decorated parts along with the Dhol. 
    HarmonyThe sounding of two or more musical notes at the same time. Harmony can be described as Diatonic, Chromatic, Consonant, and Dissonant, the use of a Pedal Note or Drone and different types of chords. 
    Irregular MetresTime signatures where there are an odd number of beats per bar e.g. 5/8 or 7/8, often used in Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern folk music. 
    MetreThe rhythmic structure, the patterns of accents heard regularly recurring measures of stressed (accented) and unstressed (unaccented) beats at the frequency of the music’s pulse. Metre is notated at the beginning of a composition with a time signature. 
    MicrotonalA type of Harmony used in Arabic folk music and Punjabi Bhangra where the intervals between notes of a scale (or mode) are smaller than a semitone, often a “quarter tone” giving 24 notes in an octave. Microtonal music can sound “strange" or "exotic". 
    RagaA type of scale, mode and melody used in Indian Classical music each with a particular mood and associated with a particular time of day. Also the name given to a complete piece/performance of Indian Classical music. 
    TablaA pair of small drums used in Indian Classical music and Punjabi Bhangra placed side by side on the floor in front of the player. Their main role is to keep the time, but they sometimes interact with the soloist and have short solos. 
    TalaIndian classical music is based on rhythm patterns called Talas (single Tala) - a repeating rhythm pattern usually played by the Tabla. 
    WaznA traditional Arabic rhythm pattern. 
  • AOS3 - World RhythmsAOS 4 – Music for Gaming
    Rhythma strong, regular repeated pattern of movement or sound 
    HarmonyGroups of notes played together, also known as chords. 
    Timbrethe characteristic quality of a sound, independent of pitch and loudness. 
    Compositiona piece of music 
    MeterHow beats or pulse in music are divided up 
    hit pointswhen an event takes place in a film 
    Diagetic SoundSound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film. 
    SequencingUsing technology to record ideas and arrange them in a particular order 
  • Composition Two and Group Performance
    Melodya sequence of single notes, also known as a Tune. 
    HarmonyGroups of notes played together, also known as chords. 
    chords2 or more notes sounding at the same time 
    key signaturea series of #'s or b's (sharps or flats) to indicate what notes are in the scale. 
    arrangementcreating a new version of an existing piece of music 
    rhythmSound organised over time. 
    articulationThe way notes are played or sung. 
    dynamics How loud or quiet the music is. 
    expressionThe act of communicating emotion in music. 
    tempoThe speed of music. 
    pitchhow low or high the sounds are 
    ornamentationa way of decorating a melody 
  • Exam Revision
    Melodya sequence of single notes, also known as a Tune. 
    Rhythma strong, regular repeated pattern of movement or sound 
    HarmonyGroups of notes played together, also known as chords. 
    orchestraA group of performers on various musical instruments, playing together. This usually includes the four families - brass, woodwind, percussion and strings. 
    chords2 or more notes sounding at the same time 
    Timbrethe characteristic quality of a sound, independent of pitch and loudness. 
    Diagetic SoundSound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film. 

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